Welcome back to part 3 of our behavior series. Today is the day all of your hard work from the first two parts pays off! Make sure you read Part 1 and Part 2 if you are just joining us.
So you have your data and you have identified patterns of when the behavior occurs and when it never occurs. Now is the time to develop a plan focused on decreasing and eliminating the behavior. Here are 5 tips on building a quality and effective behavior intervention plan.
1.) Include a statement of frequency and length so you have a baseline. For example: Ben hit 24 times over the 3 days or an average of 8 times a day. OR Ben screamed in frustration 3 times an hour for 1 to 4 minutes.
2.) Hypothesis statement...WHY do you think the behavior is occurring? This will be your educated guess based on the patterns you discovered in part 2. The intervention or plan you develop will be based on the WHY so it is a critical component.
3.)Develop a list of ideas for fulfilling the WHY in more appropriate ways. For example, if the student is acting this way to escape something (work, task, person, etc.) then you could teach him/her to ask for a break in a more appropriate way. Perhaps the student could ask for a break, go quietly to a specific spot in the room, hand in a special "break" token, etc. If the student knows how to successfully get what s/he wants in a way that consistently gets the desired result it will happen more and more.
4.) Develop a list of ways you can adapt the environment for the student. Taking the example in #3- you could adapt the environment by creating a break area, creating a system for the student to take a break, etc.
5.) Always include a plan to evaluate the plan. You will need to take data again and compare it to your baseline statement (see tip #1). Is the behavior decreasing? If so you are on the right path. If not you will need to look again for patterns and at the WHY. Sometimes we guess incorrectly or sometimes the true why becomes clearer after the first behavior plan.
Behavior plans should never be written and forgotten. They need to be revamped frequently. The best plans include parents and are implemented CONSISTENTLY. Make sure your behavior plans are something you can implement.
I would love to hear what types of behavior plans have worked in your classroom. Leave a comment so we can all learn!